What is Future Skill?

Futureskill is an industry utility to get India accelerated on a journey to build its skills and become the global hub for talent in emerging technology.

IOT (Internet of Things) :

The internet of things, or IoT, is a network of interrelated devices that connect and exchange data with other IoT devices and the cloud. IoT devices are typically embedded with technology such as sensors and software and can include mechanical and digital machines and consumer objects.

What Is Industrial IoT (IIoT)?

Industrial IoT is an ecosystem of devices, sensors, applications, and associated networking equipment that work together to collect, monitor, and analyze data from industrial operations. Analysis of such data helps increase visibility and enhances troubleshooting and maintenance capabilities. It can also increase efficiencies, reduce costs, and improve safety and security.

IIOT full form is Industrial Internet of things.


Big Data analytics :

In big data Analytics, we are presented with the data. The process of converting large amount of unstructured raw data, retrieved from different sources to a data product useful for organization forms the core of Big Data Analytics. Organization are capturing, storing and analyzing data that has high volume, variety from new sources, including social media, log files, video, text, image etc.

The main goal of the big data analytic:

=> The main goal of the big data analytic is to help organization to make better business decision, future prediction, analysis large number of transaction that done in organization. For Example : Big Online business website like Flipkart, Amazon, Snapdeal etc uses the social media information and customer's personal detail.


Cloud Computing:

The cloud computing means storing and accessing data and program over the internet instead of your computer's hard drive.

Here, The term cloud refers to a network or the internet. It is a technology that uses remote servers on the internet to store, manage, and access data online rather than local drives. The data can be anything such as files, images, documents, audio, video, and more.


These services are divided into three main categories or types of cloud computing:

1) Infrastructure as a service (IaaS)

Iaas is also known as Hardware as a Service (HaaS). It is one of the layers of the cloud computing platform. It allows customers to outsource their IT infrastructures such as servers, networking, processing, storage, virtual machines, and other resources.

Example :

1) Amazon Web Services (AWS), supply a virtual server instance and storage, as well as application programming interfaces (APIs) that let users migrate workloads to a virtual machine (VM).

2) Reliance Communications provides Reliance Internet Data Center.


2) Platform as a service (PaaS)

Platform as a Service (PaaS) provides a runtime environment. It allows programmers to easily create, test, run, and deploy web applications. PaaS providers provide the Programming languages, Application frameworks, Databases, and Other tools.

Example: Google App Engine (GAE) provides App Identity, URL Fetch, Cloud storage client library, Logservice.


3) Software as a service (SaaS)

SaaS is also known as "On-Demand Software". It is a software distribution model in which services are hosted by a cloud service provider. These services are available to end-users over the internet so, the end-users do not need to install any software on their devices to access these services.

Example:

1) Microsoft Office 365 provides Online office suite

2) Google Apps provides Gmail, Google Calendar, Docs, and sites





What is Virtual Reality?

Virtual reality (VR) is a simulated experience that employs pose tracking and 3D near-eye displays to give the user an immersive feel of a virtual world. Applications of virtual reality include entertainment (particularly video games), education (such as medical or military training) and business (such as virtual meetings).

Application of VR

  • 1. Healthcare : The most important way VR is modernizing healthcare is through training. VR facilitates an environment to learn and grow outside in real-world situations.
  • 2. Entertainment : The entertainment industry was one of the first to incorporate VR such as driving a car, simulation of Aeroplane.
  • 3. Space & Military : VR enables trainees to go through preparation with minimal risks and even helps soldiers suffering from battlefield trauma to overcome these conditions and prepare for new or unexpected situations.

  • 4. Education : For adults, it means that any industry can provide professional training to their employees. But for younger students, VR is part of educational games, general experiencing the world which the students can learn in better way.
  • Note: Jaron Lanier is the Father of VR .

What is Artificial intelligence (AI)?

Artificial intelligence (AI), also known as machine intelligence, is a branch of computer science that focuses on building and managing technology that can learn to autonomously make decisions and carry out actions on behalf of a human being.

John McCarthy is one of the "founding fathers" of artificial intelligence.






Social & Mobile


Note: The first commercial version, Android 1.0, was released on September 23, 2008. The operating system is developed by Google .

See Android version



Blockchain Technology


Blockchain : Blockchain is a method of recording information that makes it impossible or difficult for the system to be changed, hacked, or manipulated. It is a digital ledger of transactions maintained by a network of computers.

Every transaction in this ledger is authorized by the digital signature of the owner, which authenticates the transaction and safeguards it from tampering. Hence, the information the digital ledger contains is highly secure.

Note: Father of Block Chain : Satoshi Nakamoto



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What is blockchain technology?

Blockchain technology is an advanced database mechanism that allows transparent information sharing within a business network. A blockchain database stores data in blocks that are linked together in a chain.

Note: In 1991 , researcher scientists named Stuart Haber and W. Scott Stornetta introduce Blockchain Technology.


Advantages of Blockchain Technology:

1) Open : It means anyone can become a participant in the contribution to blockchain technology, one does not require any permission from anybody to join.

2) Permanent : Records or information which is stored using blockchain technology is permanent means one needs not worry about losing the data.

3) Tighter Security : Blockchain uses hashing techniques to store each transaction on a block that is connected to each other so it has tighter security. It uses SHA 256 hashing technique for storing transactions.


Disadvantages of Blockchain Technology:

1) Scalability : It is one of the biggest drawbacks of blockchain technology as it cannot be scaled due to the fixed size of the block for storing information. The block size is 1 MB due to which it can hold only a couple of transactions on a single block.

2)Storage : Blockchain databases are stored on all the nodes of the network creates an issue with the storage, increasing number of transactions will require more storage.

3) Time-Consuming : To add the next block in the chain miners need to compute the values many times so this is a time-consuming process.




3D Printing/ Additive Manufacturing


3D printing or additive manufacturing is the construction of a three-dimensional object from a CAD (Computer-Aided Design) model or a digital 3D model.

Note: 3D printing materials can vary widely, with options that include plastic, powders, resins, metal and carbon fiber.

Note :Chuck Hull is father of 3D printing



RPA (Robotics Process Automation)


RPA stands for Robotic Process Automation. It is the technology used for software tools that automate human tasks, which are manual, rule-based, or repetitive. Typically, it is like a bot that performs such tasks at a much higher rate than a human alone. These RPA software bots never sleep and make zero mistakes, and can interact with in-house applications, websites, user portals, etc.


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Cyber Security


Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting systems, computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks or digital attacks. These cyberattacks are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information; extorting money from users via ransomware.





Cyber safety tips - protect yourself against cyberattacks :


1. Update your software and operating system: This means you benefit from the latest security patches.

2. Use anti-virus software: Security solutions like Kaspersky Total Security will detect and removes threats. Keep your software updated for the best level of protection.

3. Use strong passwords: Ensure your passwords are not easily guessable.

4. Do not open email attachments from unknown senders: These could be infected with malware.

5. Do not click on links in emails from unknown senders or unfamiliar websites:This is a common way that malware is spread.

6. Avoid using unsecure WiFi networks in public places: Unsecure networks leave you vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks.


Some important points for Securing PC are:


1) Only use trusted sites when providing your personal information : Use the URL only "https://"

2) Always enable your firewall in your computer system.

3) Always install and updated anti-virus in your computer system.

4) Always use strong password and locks your system when the system is not in use.

5) Always keep your system software, drivers and other software updated.


Some important points for Securing Mobile are:


1) Always your install apps from App Store or Play Store, don't install from Internet.

2) Always use strong password and locks your mobile when the system is not in use.

3) Don't share to any one such as OTP, Passcode, Login Password etc.

4) Always use Two Factor authenticates.

5) Use only secure Wifi in public place's Wifi.